Infected ingrown toenail – ingrown toenail Causes and treatment. When the corner of the toenail grows down into the skin, an ingrown toenail is a disorder that affects the feet. Usually, the big toe is impacted. When people trim their toenails by rounding the corner, ingrown toenails frequently result. It can grow into your skin if the toenail curves with the curvature of the toe. Common ingrown toenails rarely endanger the health of healthy individuals.
If you have diabetes, you run a higher risk of developing an infected toe. High blood sugar levels can harm your blood vessels, making it more difficult for your body to fight off infections. A toe infection could result from a little injury that you are unable to feel due to diabetic nerve loss.
A compromised immune system increases your risk of developing toe infections. This includes persons who have HIV or who have undergone organ transplantation.
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Causes of Infected ingrown toenail
Paronychia refers to an infection of the skin around a toenail. Normally, a bacterium is to blame. Another possibility is a fungus infection of the toenail.
One of the following may be the cause of an infected toe:
- You either trimmed the cuticle around the nail too short or you cut the nail too short.
- Your toenail is ingrown (the side of your nail grows into the skin).
- You acquired a fungus while walking barefoot in public spaces like a gym shower or locker room.
- Your callus is thickened skin brought on by rubbing (for example, when your toe rubs against your shoe).
- You frequently dip your feet in water (for example, if you swim a lot).
How are ingrown toenails identified?
Based on your symptoms and how the toe appears, you can frequently identify an ingrown toenail on your own. An ingrown toenail will most likely be identified by your healthcare provider (who can be your normal doctor or a podiatrist, a foot expert) by looking at it. The skin near the nail’s edge will be inspected. Ingrown toenails will be identified if the skin is:
- expanding above the nail.
- Red, heated, painful, and swollen.
If the redness, swelling, and other symptoms don’t go away after using home remedies and you have diabetes, schedule a visit with your primary care physician or a podiatrist (foot specialist). If any of the following apply:
- You feel cold or feverish.
- Red streaks on the skin that are pointing away from the infection are visible.
- Your muscles or joints ache
- Your toe will be examined by the doctor. To determine what kind of bacteria or fungus caused the infection, testing may be required.
If you have diabetes, visit your podiatrist regularly for examinations so that you can identify infections and other issues early. If you have any known foot issues, such as an ingrown toenail, you should visit the doctor more frequently.
How Should an Infected Toe Be Handled? | Infected ingrown toenail
An antibiotic cream or pill can treat the infection if bacteria are at blame. Antifungal tablets or cream are used to treat fungus infections. Antifungal medications are available over-the-counter or with a doctor’s prescription.
Your doctor may raise the nail and insert some cotton or a splint underneath it to treat an ingrown toenail. The nail will be able to separate from your skin as a result. The problematic nail may be partially or completely removed by the doctor if lifting doesn’t help.
An infection may occasionally result in a blister that is filled with pus. The blister may need to be drained by your doctor.
Attempt these home cures as well:
- 15 minutes should be enough time to soak the toe in a warm saltwater bath or bucket. Three to four times a day is plenty.
- Apply a prescription cream to the toe and cover it with a fresh bandage.
- Lift the corner of the nail with little pressure to treat an ingrown toenail. To keep the nail away from your flesh, place a thin piece of cotton or waxed dental floss underneath.
Infected ingrown toenail